Infertility options for women are many, but often the most complicated issue is deciding whether to use conventional medical procedures to help increase a woman’s chances of conceiving a baby. Traditional medical procedures are typically used to assist with the development of embryos and help with the successful fertilization of an egg by a male partner. When an egg and sperm are combined in the laboratory and allowed to develop and mingle for a certain period of time, specific amounts and mixes of sperm are then allowed to swim around the uterus and ovaries for mating purposes. Once the sperm and egg have met and established a viable relationship, it is possible to fertilize an egg with the help of the medical procedure and sometimes it is also possible to separate the embryos from the remaining unfertilized eggs.
Conventional procedures are complex and have their own set of benefits and risks. They include assisted conception using donor sperm and egg donors, intrauterine insemination using a needle or fertility clinic, and in vitro fertilization using fertility cells or a non-hormonal assisted reproductive technology, such as intracytoplasmic couples. The choice to take these treatments should not be entered into lightly as they have both their advantages and disadvantages. It is important that women explore all infertility options for women before making the decision to pursue any infertility treatment.
In the case of assisted conception, donor sperm are collected from the men who want to be fathers. The semen then is analyzed to determine the best possible sperm that is more likely to fertilize the eggs. Male sperm are able to live longer than female sperm and thus are often more successful at developing eggs. However, they are unable to fertilize eggs naturally without help from an outside source. Women who are interested in this option should consult with a doctor to determine if it is right for her.